Arab Commission for Human Rights
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International NGO in special Consultative Status with the Economic and Social Council of the United Nations




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The political and constitutional reform in 2005 and 2006 was characterized by some positive action by the Moroccan government aimed at consolidating the principles of human rights in Morocco as it is known internationally, such as Morocco's decision to engage in the first Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, and the lifting of the reservations on articles 20 and 22 of the Convention against Torture, and article 14 of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination, and Article 14 of the International Convention on the Rights of the Child, Morocco's ratification of certain international conventions, such as the Convention against bribery, the Convention No. 135 on Labor to provide protection and facilities for representatives of workers, and some of the decisions of property which banks amnesty for many detainees of the so-called jihad shipped, which was partly a correction of the violations that accompanied the file against terrorism, and authorizing the Child Citizenship Act of August foreign Moroccan mother the right to Moroccan nationality, in addition to the law on the criminalization of torture. However, these initiatives remain limited due to the magnitude of the violations, which are still ongoing in Morocco, which were due to non-application of the law or are improperly applied, as well as a lack of accountability of many of those responsible for such violations. First : the political and civil rights First : public freedoms text of the Constitution on the Moroccan set of public freedoms such as freedom of movement and freedom of assembly and freedom of opinion and expression and freedom of association and to engage in political parties and trade union organizations. Have been dahirs public freedoms in 1958, comes to the Royal Decree of association and Dahir public gatherings and Dahir practice of the profession of journalism. These Dahirs subjected to a series of amendments since its release, the latest amendments in 2002. In spite of the importance of the amendments, which tried to expand the space of public freedoms in Morocco, those laws need further amendment to suit international conventions ratified by Morocco, and in particular the International Covenant of Civil and Political Rights. Also, these laws will not be applied properly, in many cases, by the government authorities, as has been the Moroccan Center for Human Rights record of violations of freedom of opinion and the press and freedom of assembly Abroumi and freedom of association. One-public gatherings : at the level of the freedom of public gatherings record Center : - Suppression of the protest movements of the holders of postgraduate degrees broken by the authorities in 5200 to prevent many of its stances, the protest marches and peaceful languish degree holders without undue legal, in spite of respect for the organizers of the gatherings out procedures required by the law governing public gatherings. As protest movements have been organized by the categories of holders of postgraduate degrees broken before parliament exposed to violent security interventions, resulting in serious injuries among many citizens, both participants in the protests, or those who wanted them happened to be at that moment gathering place near the protest. One of the stark examples of such interventions security after the eve of the protest organized by the Union of senior managers suspended on Tuesday, 17 May 2005 from the security interventions left more than 150 injuries of varying degrees of severity (fractures, injuries, injuries in the head and sensitive places, cases of coma, bruises, bruises ...) And the same thing has been stopped similar their blind Almattlon on Thursday, 19 May 2005 Ave Mohamed V opposite the train station. The continued Moroccan Center for Human Rights file frameworks Supreme deactivated, and handling security for the authorities concerned with the file, where the evolution of the stick and the big clubs, which was launched on the capital and the emergence of frameworks deactivated the streets of Rabat, to the evolution of detention and judicial follow-up, with the arrest of Al-Azhar, Mohamed Ahsain and presented on Monday 04 Julius in 2005 the Department of Public Prosecutions, which is a flagrant breach of the right of peaceful demonstrations and stances, and freedom of expression and opinion. And more is that the arrest was following the storming of the Corps of rapid-reaction forces for Syndicate headquarters, and the attack on the Supreme frames inside the campus of the Association and the Chamber offers floors filled with the blood of the wounded .. Where was the transfer of more than 50 people to the Ibn Sina Hospital, suffered various injuries serious : (blows to the head and brain, fractures, bruises ...). It also ruled that the conditions of detention of two security Bakdal was tragic where the prisoners without eating or drinking in dormitories. The Moroccan Center for Human Rights as follow with deep concern the increase in violent security force interventions in the right broken degree holders, which are aimed at undermining the organizers of the protest movements that claim to the right to work, which is reflected in the use of violence and force cruelly exaggerated, and the targeting of sensitive areas : the head, hands, legs .... he emphasizes the following : 1-denouncing all interventions security violent broken right holders of certificates, 2-hold the government responsible for grave abuses against citizens, and to demand the opening of a formal investigation at these attacks in the right broken, and to pursue and prosecute those responsible, and should not enjoy impunity for violations committed by them in the right category broken. 3-invitation of the government to open a serious dialogue, responsible and transparent manner with the various categories broken in order to discuss ways of solving the problem of unemployment and employment. It also calls on the Moroccan human rights bodies to : - take all measures to protect the right to meet guaranteed under the Constitution, and, through a review of the law on public meetings, in terms of making the public meetings subject to the permit system and reducing the intervention of the public authority in groupings, the deletion of-limitations on the penalties for violations groupings, the order - and the imposition of penalty breeze regarding the delivery point statement by the competent authorities, in-opening the door to ordinary citizens the possibility of organizing demonstrations by the public according to legal controls, non-resort to violent methods at the foot to disperse citizens during stances, which are notified by the authorities and which do not cause any disturbance to public order. m Two-press and the media :-Press Act : Although the Moroccan Constitution provides for the respect of freedom of expression, the government is restricting the freedom of the press in the areas that are considered sensitive.


The Act empowers the press to the government authority subject to oversight by the press direct orders not to publish articles on topics and specific events, and it can seize and suspension of a license issued. In spite of the new requirements and the task made by law No. 77.00 on the press and publication, which came into effect on January 20, 2003, which is, in particular, freedom of the press, printing and publishing and promoting books, and also referring to the right of the citizen in the Moroccan media and the right of different media access to sources of news and information, the center recorded on the following observations : - did not respond to the Press and Publications Act amended to the demands of professionals and Antzarat trade union organizations, political, human rights, did not invoke international conventions ratified by Morocco and the legislation in force in democratic systems, and does not take into account developments in the field of information and communication technology ... under that law-governed by the approximation of security led to the intensification restrictions on the freedom of the press and weaken the legal guarantees for the exercise of the profession, rather than regulated by an approach that takes into account the development of the press and media. - If the law in the first chapter, to ensure "freedom of the press, printing and publishing" ... And the "right to information" and "the right of access to sources of news", it, on the other hand, ruled ensure "freedom of the press" as a condition for the initial practice and as a resource that must be protected. But no separate chapter or even a precise definition of "freedom of the press" and their determinants and fields. " - A law containing the phrases and vocabulary without specific definitions such as public security and the supreme interests of the country .., There were also other vague expressions such as those used in the second paragraph of Chapter 41, the lawmakers deliberately undemanding leaves the door open the floodgates for the interpretation and control, mud-law penalties of deprivation of liberty, one of the main demands of the Moroccan Center for Human Rights, but merely reduce the periods in some cases, while very much in the imposition of financial penalties and raise amounts to unreasonable limits, which can be paid on the brink of bankruptcy. Follow-up to the journalists : continued Moroccan Center for Human Rights is deeply concerned a series of contractions recorded in recent months at the level of the exercise of freedom of opinion and expression, press and publication, which is represented in the judicial proceedings of a number of journalists and media outlets, and the associated issues of publication and expression of opinion. and it marks the deepest regret These declines, and is considered a setback for the progress achieved, but DNA, in the area of freedom of opinion and expression and practice releases, as a contradiction with all the slogans and statements, official confirmed on respect for human rights and dignity of the citizen. The record Center in 2005 in the area of freedom of the press and opinion and the right to Altabermaelli :-M a weekly "days", in which the Supreme Court of First Instance in Casablanca condemned by the Director of Press Gazette Noureddine key and press doubt Makarim held four months suspended sentence and a fine of one hundred thousand dirhams right, follow-weekly "to Ogeornal", as the Court of First Instance in Casablanca judgment against the weekly "to Ogeornal" broadcast to three million dirhams compensation to the demands of civil rights. Follow-up magazine TELL Under terms of the Court of Appeal ruled Baldarawhita Governing the director and the journalist who wrote the article fine too, the weekly Al-up (follow-up are still ongoing) - crush-Nahar newspaper of Morocco, where men from the intelligence services raided the Imperial Press in Rabat that urbanizing p inadvertently booked by the Gazette, - continued technical and media blockade imposed on the satiric artist Ahmed Snoussi and prevention of the right to communicate with his audience, whether through presentations at the public gallery Auaber media audio and video. In this context, the Moroccan Center for Human Rights on the following : 1 - unconditional solidarity with the journalists who have been and are still harassed because of their professional practice. two-ups associated with the condemnation of the press and publication, freedom of opinion and expression, which affected many of the media outlets, particularly the independent press. 3-invited to the Moroccan authorities to respect freedom of the press and freedom of the practice of publishing, and away from the adoption of strict security in the to deal with the issues of the press and publishing. 4-demanding a halt to all attacks and harassment of the Moroccan press and printing presses, which print newspapers, and enable journalists to the rights guaranteed under the Constitution and international covenants of human rights ratified by Morocco, in particular the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. , and amending the Law on the publishing and press for the removal of restrictions on the freedoms and the CSCE penalties of deprivation of liberty, and the democratization of public information. 5-principled solidarity with the artist Ahmed Snoussi and demanding the lifting of the embargo, imposed by the prohibition. - the status of journalists to record the Moroccan Human Rights breadth of the phenomenon of reducing and delaying the performance of wages Hazaltha journalists and to a larger number of them, and accelerated the pace of demobilization collective impact stopped several newspapers on the AT the role of cases of expulsion or in the absence of physical safeguards, and that there is a lot of newspapers, some journalists working in difficult conditions and without cards professional and social guarantees possibilities in the National Fund for Social Security and health coverage. 3-establishment of associations and political parties : the Moroccan Constitution provides for freedom of association and political parties, but that government authorities limit the exercise of this right. Under the decree of 15 Nunber 1958 which later became known as, as noted earlier, some of the latest amendments in 2002 requires a license from the Ministry of the Interior before the General proceed to carry out their activities and the holding of AJT Aatha public. The law of this condition to prevent persons who have certain positions of the establishment of legal associations. suffer some associations connected to the organization of political or religious many obstacles in order to obtain a license authorities. Despite the positive requirements of the new law on the establishment of associations.



the irrigation work, note that Chapter 5 of the new law imposes on the provisional extradition points immediately after the establishment of a file of the Assembly and the final endorsement within two months. , and that this refusal by the local authorities consider the Moroccan human rights violation :  admitted Morocco commitment in the constitution; - items and the International Covenant on the civil and political rights ratified by Morocco, which also claims that the authorities of the organizations FM Register Justice comes within the framework of the bureaucracy, on the grounds that the national Kafi card number to identify the facts in the case not to mention the fact that Chapter V of the law.


 invaded and local public should be open to the association as a partner in achieving development in all its dimensions, cultural, social, economic, and the fact that some players association is able to force his two suggestions, in a development programs. Second : pressing not in spite of the individual initiatives taken in the protection of individual freedoms, the Center is still registered numerous violations reflected in arbitrary arrests and attacks on persons in police stations and the Royal Gendarmerie and torture in secret detention and violation of the sanctity of houses and searched outside the law. It should also be remembered that some of the accused before the files various courts have been subjected to violence and forced to sign the records of the judicial police and deprived of fair trial guarantees. and at this level, the Moroccan Center for Human Rights following : First : Meta collector and illegal arrests and assaults one-cover illegal was summoned Mr. Aziz Bouaphanh head of the Moroccan Center for Human Rights son divisions Messrs. Hassan Abdullah Al-Zayani, Shaaban members of the branch office son Greer and Mr. Abdul Rahman Al-Basri, correspondent Ahdath and other local associations of the region by Dean Mfou Yeh son of the police divisions on Thursday 01 / 12 / 05 for investigation of the establishment of the Coordinating Committee for the Defense of issues static Ibn Jarir, and the National Bureau of the Moroccan Center for Human Rights had previously announced its disapproval of this investigation, which violates the law, which is considered too explicit to freedom of association and expression.


the arbitrary arrests and searches Giraleghanunet against individuals suspected of belonging to terrorist organizations. although these practices constitute a breach of the Constitution and the law and inconsistent with the principles of human rights committed to respecting Morocco, which requires the government to take urgent measures to stop these dangerous practices and respect for the right to physical integrity and personal security and trial proceedings,% Dela. In cases where monitoring center :-T. Arrive Moroccan Center for Human Rights Peshkayat of the families of the citizens of the city of Tetouan reports that relatives of abducted by the men, dressed in civilian clothes, after a raid on houses at night is scary. and it comes with all of Aziz and Aldenker Alzentarrashid and happy children and Sheikh Imad al - Baghdadi. After the search and investigation findings Center to Lhasa south arrests were outside the law and without respect for the legal requirements in place, and especially materials to the Code of Criminal Procedure concerning procedures for inspections and the duration of custody, the non-news families of detainees in places of detention. - a Moroccan Center for Human Rights Peshkaitin by my family citizens fair Zitouna, Tariq al-Sharqawi Altermaste served subjected to torture during the process of sister Afhema and detention in secret places unknown, and the complaint from the sister of the detainee Tarek-16 replaced in 2005 - that the latter had "signed the records of the investigation under the pressure of beatings and torture" and affirms that : "Latha R. torture at the level of the knees and clear through Antphakhma, and the effects of beatings on his chest, which failed to stand with him for 20 days, and was deprived of sleep, increased hunger "and adds that the complainant visited her brother Tariq imprisonment local Sale that speaks to" the types of torture suffered by to force him to confess Bash dialogue was not aware of, and a signature on the false statements. " With regard to the status of the detainee fair Zitouna reported complaint signed by the brother of 17 replaced in 2005 that : "subjected to abduction and arbitrary detention for 23 days without the knowledge of the family to the presence of her son and the reason for kidnapping and detention, the complaint adds that :" the immediate P allegedly assaulted by the elements that abducted from within secondary to the Director, Nazer and guard the institution and some students, where the elements eyes covered by the fair and then go to the jungle, was recruited by four people beaten severely, and then threatened with massacre. " In addition to violations of a UN custody stresses family lodge in the "fair exposure to various types of beatings, branding and others, and is still clear signs of torture on his body, and that because of that complaining of pains especially on the head and back and knees." The content of the message that the fair assured the family that he "was subjected to torture in order to submit to the percentage of the investigators, and even signed a record search." - Is in an area between the town of Rabat and the city of Temara secret detention not subject to the legal system is clear and excluded from the control of the judicial authorities is practiced various forms of torture to extract confessions from detainees who were taken to the camp after being kidnapped or arrested arbitrarily. That Ahtjazalafrad inside secret detention camps is a clear violation of the laws, especially the Moroccan Penal Code and the Code of Criminal Procedure also contradicts with the international agreements ratified by Morocco and are committed to the application, especially the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. The staff of the National Directorate of Territorial Security (Musad) are not subject to the orders of the law enforcement jurisdiction, and therefore not authorized by law to the arrest of the accused and interrogated or arrested. It identifies the Code of Criminal Procedure persons who enjoy as officers of the judicial police does not refer to the staff of the Directorate for Control of the national territory. The names of the hijackers.

house on 09 replaced in 2005 by 16 security element fair olive-21 / 07 / 2005 pupils Buhiga Sale, was kidnapped from a party four unidentified men, after the order of intent submitted to the district received the certificate of success, has been attacked Balthanueh Abdul Aziz Gandossi-31 / 07 / 2005 student released on 11 replaced in 2005 Abdul Ghani Cleats-31 / 07 / 2005 student released on 11 2005 replaced Abdul Haq Albasrawi 19 years 31 / 07 / 2005, told his family that he traveled to Nador, but no longer knows his news reported that he was arrested by Algerian authorities and handed over to Morocco, fate is still unknown Abdul Rahim Alheimer-31 / 07 / 2005 released out of 11 in 2005 replaced Mohamed al-Sharnubi --released on 11 replaced in 2005-- Khairi Mustafa told the family that traveled to Nador, the news reaches his arrest in Algeria has been handed over to the Moroccan authorities, and his fate remains unknown Hassan Feuillé --vendor Rabat Albahlouli Abdel Wahab 1986 about 2 0 / 07 / 2005 were under arrest in Algeria, Abdul Elah Alerodani 18 05 2005 replaced arrested in front of the headquarters of work, and that after it was stormed and searched the house of the family of our human rights associations and mother-three teams abuses some groups of urban security : good citizens heartened by the events of the difference of urban security, which had been developed under a policy of proximity to the citizens to provide security and tranquility and the preservation of safety. But in 2005 citizen complaints multiplied by the actions of some of the men these security teams, have focused complaints to us in the Moroccan Center for Human Rights on the situations of physical abuse, moral citizens, extortion and receiving bribes. It is no secret that all cases are not commensurate with the important tasks entrusted to these security teams, and of the cases in which the stand by the case of the attack on the glory of the Arab citizen BASFY hardboard, which caused him men from the group of urban security in the territory of my break at the level of men, which required a surgical operation. In serious cases, which have stood the Moroccan Center for Human Rights directly, the abuse of collective security men on a motorcycle near the driver, like Moulay Hassan, the town of Sala on Tuesday replaced 02 in 2005 to ten and a half at night, surrounded by four security men and Ashbouh kicked and beaten and kicked, all because violation of traffic law.


manipulation of serious dignity and liberty of the citizen, and it turned from a limited and isolated phenomenon to the situation of many citizens, especially employers motorbikes and cars. 4-attacks : 2005 defined the continued assault on the right to physical integrity and personal security, which exposed him during Almattlon Stop peaceful, and their various : - National Assembly of the university broken Morocco, a group Doctors and frameworks Supreme ..... blind, The absence of a serious and responsible dialogue with them, which led to the growing phenomenon of the use or threat of use to suicide, as we have noted - the continuation of the repression against the workers during the peaceful protest, and register here, in particular, violent intervention in the right of workers Foundation..... - Protests of the inhabitants of Al Hoceima, asking the government to make commitment on the reconstruction, and overcome the remnants of the earthquake which struck the region in 2003. The population of the Tmasint demonstrations, the government called for the alleviation of the suffering of citizens and put an end to it, and instead of dealing responsibly with the demands of the protesters, local authorities have resorted to their traditional methods are incompatible with human rights and international conventions, to face the peaceful protest movement of the population Tmasint, in the form of violence, repression and raided homes, and arrests and torture of detainees, culminating the trial of 12 individuals from the protesters, who were released after six months of detention.

The excesses of the people : the beatings, insults, breakers, arbitrariness in the way of arrest, and the lack of flagrante delicto during the arrest by the security services, and the arrest of some activists in the field of human rights, in addition to most of the detainees subjected to torture and forced confessions and the absence of conditions for a fair trial. - A Moroccan Center for Human Rights of the National Assembly to the families of martyrs and missing and prisoners of the Moroccan Sahara human rights associations on the National Writer's Association, Mr. Ibrahim Hajam of provocation and verbal aggression and physical Sidi Suleiman, on the morning of Saturday 02 Julius 2005 by two security lieutenant, as outlined in the first report, called the "Sousa Muhammad" barrage the insults and humiliation before being handcuffed and taken to violence to the security directorate, which had submitted the second so-called "Allam Mohammed" to exercise all forms of beatings and degrading methods in the right, and it reached a record of achievement and a fictitious police station on the fabricated certificates signed by their owners without a blank know the content .. It was the demilitarization of the attacker was an important sum of money in his possession, as well as the seal of white gold did not stop the series of provocation here, but were Mr. Ibrahim Hajam to the public prosecutor the morning the next day in inhuman conditions, as confirmed by the Defense General Details to follow or listen to witnesses, the law enforcement judicial record that has been concocted to implicate national writer in prison and gagging General ...



Upon his release from the headquarters of the Court of First Instance of the bond, and seek refuge in the cafe, corresponding, then met Brother Mohamed Alenouhi some broken who Gosadouh to inquire about the circumstances of the trial and its conditions. It is mentioned in the cafe began to assault him in the series, where charged with seven attacked and beaten by members of the elements of the rapid intervention is lying on the ground, did not deter them from their security backward only the intervention of some of the lawyers who were in the same place. And immediately after the lawyers and Khaled Abdel Rahman al-Sifani Benamero of complaint in the matter, and observe the situation brother Mohamed Alenouhi, is the Under King of the Court of First Instance in Rabat, judicial police opened urgent investigation into the incident. But the police, and after the completion of record on the subject concerned and the presence of security officers who issued the assault, unlike the case suppressed as required by law.


pride of the area of about 1000 hectares. The peaceful demonstration was severely repressed by the police and the Rapid Intervention Forces, leaving serious injuries among the demonstrators and protesters and bystanders, followed by a campaign of arrests and dozens of long-range citizens. 5-a violation of cultural rights : Morocco engaged in recent years in strengthening the procedures Amazigh language and culture and recognized as components of the components of the national identity, but in spite of the steps government efforts through 2005, it remained very modest, with the exception of some of the actions in the areas of information, education, the other aspects remained far from the actual handling and treatment positive, in addition to Yap constitutional and legal protection for the Amazigh language, and the exclusion of the latter than most areas of public life : for education, the judiciary, public administration, violations concern the right to enjoy legal personality as abstained local authorities and the interests of civil status in some cities of Morocco, on the registration of children of Tamazight, depriving the network Tamazight for citizenship from the legal deposit, refused to local authorities in a number of areas and the delivery of legal deposit receipts to establish some associations stand and Prevention, which called it Alscricharih national associations of independent Tamazight to the parliament to demand Bdstreh Tamazight. 6-violation of the rights of migrants Africans : the issue of clandestine immigrants arriving Africans Morocco, and repeated attempts to infiltrate the occupied cities of Ceuta and Melilla, in addition to the pitiful condition of some of the surrounding forests and Nagasaki, a real test of human rights in Morocco in 2005. The violations reflected in the besieged forces of the army of African immigrants, the use of rubber bullets and tear-gas bombs and insults, beatings and violence to confront them, which led to the death of four members and wounding many of them, at the end of Shetnber and the beginning of October 2005, and arbitrary deportation in inhumane conditions to their country, all these actions are a serious violation of freedom of movement, the right to life and physical integrity. Second : political prisoners : characterize the evolution of the situation of human rights in Morocco since the late 1990s some of the legislative and institutional reforms, as well as the procedures of the political consequences, in particular the release of dozens of former victims of enforced and the majority of political detainees and the return of the bulk of exiled fo political prisoners : characterize the evolution of the situation of human rights in Morocco since the late 1990s some of the legislative and institutional reforms, as well as the procedures of the political consequences, in particular the release of dozens of former victims of enforced and the majority of political detainees and the return of the bulk of exiled for political reasons. This has been the events of the Equity and Reconciliation Commission tried to work on a comprehensive assessment of a serial file enforced disappearances and arbitrary arrests since the start, and further research on enforced disappearances unaccounted for and to exert all efforts to reach the results question, and work to find solutions to situations of the victims of enforced disappearances and arbitrary detention that proved to be devolved to the death, determining the location of the graves to enable relatives to visit them and paying knowledge, and work on reparation for all damages caused to the victims through the social and psychological rehabilitation and health to them. He also received the Moroccan Center for Human Rights welcomed the decision of amnesty for some political prisoners, or for political reasons and the likes of Messrs. detainees opinion Abdel Salam Boutchich, Lakhdar Benchaou Abdul Rahim Kerioh, but that the center continues to demand the release of the remainder of those detained for political reasons, they are as follows : Group-71 (trial 31 / 07 / 1984) : Shahid Ahmed Ahmed Al-Shayeb-a grandfather (trial 10 / 01 / 1992) : Crown Nor Mohamed Nour Eddin Mohamed Ali angular Hidawi Alliaoui Executuri Mohamed Al-Aryani Mohamed Yahya Al-Mutawakel Belkhadder Alabdelaoui Hosseini Mustafa Ahmed Alzakkaki Belkacem Crown-the military court in Rabat (1996 trial) : physical Abdulkadir Mohamed Bourouis (Algerian) Tunisian Khalid (Algerian) Alcjai Alouasini-group trial Fez 1994 : Abdel Salam Abdel Rahman, Crois Bojaddle Kamal Benaccheh Unresponsive Marzouk. - Other prisoners : Bossov Mohammad Omar Retreat III : the practice of torture : to remain Morocco known phenomenon of torture in police stations and the Royal Gendarmerie in secret detention camps and prisons. However, the number of complaints received on the Moroccan Center for Human Rights in 2005 concerning cases of torture had declined in comparison with the years 2002 - 2003 - 2004. There are many types of torture practiced on the detainees, including mainly : • physical torture : the use of all means of assault and battery and intentional abuse by regular sticks and electric shock and by the electric current, in all parts of the body, especially on the head and ears, burning with cigarette butts. • psychological torture : through insults and verbal insults and slander and verbal abuse, and prevention of sleep and nights of consecutive days, with questioning the detainees for long hours, and the threat of sexual assault endangered Awagtssab wives and daughters and relatives. • sexual torture : in the exercise of all kinds of indecent assault, either directly or through physical tools sharp and unequivocal crutches and bottles.


more than 10 years ago, having given rules of Criminal Procedure to eradicate absolute powers and wide to protect individual freedom and dignity, according to the principles set forth, including the principle of presumption of innocence is the origin and irrelevance of all recognition proved to extract vengeance or coercion, forcing Public Prosecutions control of the premises under custody and extended and subjecting suspects to medical examination whenever they wanted from the Department of Public Prosecutions or eliminate the impact of the investigation or inspect the effects of violence on anybody. He continues his series, which will culminate with a new criminal code on the basis of the rules Haddathih criminality in the area and on the basis of a new hierarchy of crimes consistent with the development and specificity Moroccan criminal r political reasons.


punitive alternatives to penalties of deprivation of liberty on the basis of the philosophy of reform and reintegration in accordance with the recommendations of the corresponding national policy on criminal organized by the Ministry of Justice in 2004. But despite the importance of such a law, it remains to be commenting on the consciences of the mechanisms for implementation and control in the framework of an impartial and independent judiciary, with enshrining the principle of non-impunity and revision of criminal legislation and create the kind of harmony between the set of criminal laws sake of justice and fairness. Fourth : guarantees of a fair trial : to provide a fair trial must apply the basic principles and provisions in the field of human rights as one of the constants in the criminal justice system, including a contemporary : - Criminal Procedure to be fair and adversarial and portfolio balance for the rights of the parties; - to include the separation of powers entrusted with the exercise of the lawsuit, investigation and government authorities; - that every person is suspected of or watching presumed innocent as long as his conviction was established under a final judgment. All prejudice to the lower courts is prohibited and punishable under the law; - doubt always be interpreted for the benefit of the accused; - Regales that the accused the right to have access to all the evidence against him and discussed, and have the right to support the lawyer. - Any person convicted has the right to request a re-examination of the charges and were convicted before a court of the other remedies specified in the law. In this context, the Center continues Moroccan human rights record absence of the conditions of a fair trial in many of the trials both for press crimes or terrorist offenses, and this is reflected as follows : the refusal of the government-all defense applications; - the refusal of the government to subpoena witnesses; - the refusal of the government to undergo medical on detainees who were subjected to torture, rape and ill-treatment; - block defense of the performance of his duties; - not to allow the accused to speak, including clarification enough to prove innocence; - adoption court records the judicial officer with The Code of Criminal Procedure stipulates that these records are reliable only for familiarity. With this in mind that most of the detainees signed a summary under pressure and coercion and threat to the petition to reinstate the secret detention of torture again. It demands the Moroccan Center for Human Rights judicial authorities to provide conditions for a fair trial for all accused, through the activation of the requirements of the Code of Criminal Procedure, as demanded by the following : - reduce the duration of custody to be kept to a minimum, and to ensure the right of the detainee to contact a defense quickly, and to take all necessary measures to eliminate the phenomenon of impunity in the right of state employees and agents responsible for the practice of torture and inhuman and degrading treatment. Open-depth and impartial investigation by the authorities concerned, especially the Public Prosecutor on all complaints of assaults and transactions and dehumanizing, degrading the dignity to which they are exposed detainees in secret prisons and police stations, and the Royal Gendarmerie in prisons; - raising reservations Morocco on article 22 of the International Convention against Torture, which allows the Committee against Torture of the United Nations, in order to carry out its own inquiry and visit prisons and report in this regard. - Opened investigations conducted after each case of death in custody, detention or imprisonment, particularly those that refer complaints to be a result of torture; V. : the Equity and Reconciliation : the form of the founding of the Equity and Reconciliation Commission lawyer important event that characterized the past two years. The establishment of this body recommendation of the Advisory Council for Human Rights, which under its laws, its composition and unable to create new paradigm shift in the case of violations as the demands and protests victims and the families of abductees and with the rights of the families of political prisoners who have found themselves once again to tie the theme in the material compensation to victims and their families without approaching the demand for a legal and judicial proceedings guarantors for the non-recurrence of what had happened in previous years. It issued the Equity and Reconciliation Commission report involves a number of positive aspects reflected in : - disclosure of certain facts related Bmaghuli determination and abductees, - determining the secret places of detention, some types of registration-torture-A series of mass graves, direct-process of identification of remains and inform their families, to identify regulations-some of the dead wake of the social-attribution is clearly of the security services, advocacy - I direct constitutional reforms, legislative and judicial climate for ensuring immunization of human rights, expand - reparation, but the Moroccan Center for Human Rights considered the report and recommendations of the Equity and Reconciliation is a decrease substantially on the serious violations of human rights, starting with the events of the countryside in the mid-1950s to the year 1961, 1 963, 1965, 1969, and throughout the 1970s and 1980s and 1990s, and the files of torture and murder in the hospitality authorities recorded in the various regions in Morocco. The body had not been able to detect and recognizing the facts, making its report and recommendations without the demands of human rights organizations as well as victims and their families. This would not obviate the need for accountability of the Moroccan state and its organs for serious violations occurred in the past years, as the gross file is still open and requires a constant struggle for the dignity and protection of the Moroccan citizen of injustice and arbitrariness, and prevent the recurrence of the tragedies of the past. As was made clear size restrictions that have governed the hearings organized by the Equity and Reconciliation mention of the results : Non-identified those responsible for violations, and not Mgaspah responsible for the torture, kidnapping and murder - was not able to access to disclosure of all the facts, and leaving some of the files pending, Kmelvi Mahdi Bin Baraka, Abdelatif Zeroual, - focus on the rehabilitation of victims and rehabilitation of health at the expense of knowledge identification of individual responsibilities and the responsibilities of the organs of the state-silence for determining causes of death and skip the historical stages, especially in the first years of independence, non-identification of bodies and the authorities which have failed to cooperate with the body. The Moroccan Center for Human Rights reaffirms the following :


 1-enshrine the principle of non-impunity and identify individual and institutional responsibilities for grave violations of human rights, with the establishment of safeguards for the prevention and protection of the non-recurrence of the past and open a new page to build the rule of law, and through institutional reforms and legislative, legal, administrative and educational;


 2-release of the remaining detainees.

  Shataham union or political, and to enable them to exercise all their rights, including the right to a passport and the right to travel outside of the national territory and not harassed by the security authorities; 5-amendment to the Penal Code and the Code of Criminal Procedure, in particular, the requirements relating to terrorist offenses to cancel the negative additions to bring it in line with international standards relating to arrest and search procedures and communication counsel.


Justice and the judiciary made by the Ministry of Justice to modernize the judiciary in its priority of priorities, both at the level of modernization of the courts in Morocco for the development and modernization of the judiciary, in order to be able to face the challenges of the third millennium, and to contribute to the support of the series of economic and social development in our country. The goals reflected the modernization project of the courts in Morocco as follows : • Increase the level of infrastructure of the courts, and improve the functioning of the judicial system, modernization of the judicial administration and the strengthening of institutional capacity and infrastructure of the Ministry of Justice, at the central and provincial • update a significant number of courts, and rehabilitation of infrastructure such information to the courts, and the development of programs to manage issues through informatics, and the composition of the judges and staff in the field, and to support the institutional modernization process to continue after the end of this project • case management procedures and Assister through computing, including the positive benefits of self-employment, and speed performance, and reducing the duration of broadcasting issues, and the dissemination of information, legal and judicial. • facilitate the entry of the elimination of party litigants, through what would be prepared to provide guidance and information the courts. • upgrading the courts and the lifting of the performance of personnel, and methods of rationalizing the judicial administration of justice so that the Moroccan justice modern and developed, contributing effectively to support the development and provision of a suitable atmosphere for investment and meet the challenges of globalization. The most prominent feature of this reform project that is part of the reform adopted by the government such as the current political stage in the rear although it is nothing more than an extension of the political controversy that erupted in the former government, following the successive reports of the International Monetary Fund and the American report on the status of management and education and the judiciary. The result of this political perspective, the reformist vision of the project at the level of treatment depends on the sectoral approach to deal with the judiciary is not as independent constitutional authority, but simply a sector of the ministerial sector entrusted to the Ministry of Justice. The reform of justice and the judiciary, and defend the independence of this vital organ important, the family comes to justice and the judiciary alone as it is also important to the various categories of the Moroccan people eager to adopt the principles of justice and fairness, the rule of law and the rule of institutions, and therefore, any reform can not be unique to any governmental perception in the absence of any dialogue or consultation with the other components of the judiciary and the justice of the parties to judges and lawyers, experts and staff to write a check and the rest of the legal profession, etc.. First : the independence of the judiciary can not imagine any reform project viable in this section, without the adoption of a global deal with the judiciary as an independent constitutional authority, away from the prevailing practice sectoral approach, which is simply the elimination of the sectors parallel assigned to the Ministry of Justice, or rather are conducting workshops of reform contained in the Folds the government statement only. We can also talk about the independence of the judiciary, without reviewing the constitutionality of verification mechanisms and guarantees of independence, in particular clause explicitly in the Constitution as the judiciary "authority" along the lines of the legislative and executive powers, in order to secure the foundations of effective protection of the independence, as well as a real separation of highlighted, in a way that makes judicial affairs, and operation free of interference directly or indirectly to the executive. As reform requires rethinking the role of the Minister of Justice, as an executive, identify and clarify the terms of reference strictly enforced, as evidenced intervention in the field of the judiciary, for example, evident in some particular areas of law relating to the recruitment and assignment and guidance, promotion and discipline, election and Inspection etc.. To correct for reform as well, we have to reconsider restructuring and the role of some of the institutions involved in the judicial body, at the top of the Supreme Council of Magistracy as unconstitutional, and in the direction of a broadly representative of the components of the judicial system inside, and then expand and rationalize its terms of reference in order to contextualize the actual exercise of jurisdiction, then a reduction of the role of the minister in this institution, especially in the area of discipline, which raises the disciplinary regime for judges of the nature of human rights problems related to ensuring a fair trial as a matter of basic human rights, as it does not accept the logic and the principles of justice and fairness that combines the minister to name a few-as a judge at the same date in the follow-up of a judge judges to the Council etc.. This became significantly in late 2003, when the assignment judge Jaafar Hassun-member elected in the Supreme Council of Magistracy-the same Council and the follow-up appointments, which was the issue which provoked the timely attention of the national and international public, as well as criticism of human rights associations (on the matter was also an active member of the Moroccan Association for the Defense the independence of the judiciary). Finally, the defense of the independence of the judiciary, and secure real reform in this section requires patriotic men of justice themselves, especially judges, the extent of the legal and moral courage to protect their independence from the executive branch, through adherence to the rule of law, improving the efficiency in their ranks and purge from each of the nervous harmful to him pursuant to the ethics, then Non-offending with the directions and instructions that may be issued to them by the executive authority, directly or indirectly, especially if the directives of uncorroborated or legally justified. Second-reform of the judicial system to another level, the reform requires reconsideration of the legal system consisting of the Statute of the judges, and some of the requirements of the judicial system in order to adapt and updated with international declarations and covenants on the independence of the judiciary, then cleared some of the items that canceled Soke of expression and participation. It also can not be ignored, the need to breathe life into the "general assembly" of the courts as a legally qualified for the conduct of the organization and tracking of judicial work within the courts, as is assigned primarily to assess the results of the judicial process and the rationalization of its direction, as opposed to the increasing popularity of the rolling technique where practicable sovereignty and the domination of administrative officials who hold the powers of the judicial and administrative resolutions. It also requires reform of the judiciary pay attention to the aspect of the composition of the judges and rehabilitation, and push them in the direction of greater specialization in the areas of getting employed, as well as the qualifications appropriate to the nature of the new issues that have become subjected to justice, especially with the regional and international developments accelerated, and the recall, for example, is not limited to crimes related to computer and Internet technology, The crimes of money laundering and currency counterfeiting, as well as in the fight against terrorism ... Third : the reform of writing seizure There is no doubt that the reform of justice can not be reconciled without reform of the actors inside, a writing discipline, which plays an important and critical role in the judicial process in general. However, the exception of this institution so far out of the reforms and government programs and legislation that defined our country in the field of justice and law (Amendment of Criminal Procedure Code-a-family settlement of the administrative and physical judges ..) That would have a negative impact on the series of reform in this field and work to shut down or impede unless include also this category, and working for the activation of the destruction of the Royal Address on January 29, 2003 during the opening of the judicial year, in which he recommended the improvement of material and moral conditions of workers in writing seizure encourage them to philanthropy and tender, and protect them from all temptations and potential deviations. In this context, should have the awards to each sector employees without exception. It also demands the need to ensure the right staff in the Justice Management and union work and to protect them from all the narrowing or exceeded. As is also imperative in raising the level of training and efficiency within this institution, and the improvement and modernization of the mechanisms and conditions of engaging in the courts for the benefit of the slow speed litigants benefit from the various judicial services, as well as in order to ensure an effective and fruitful role of this institution-along with the rest of society actors-in dedication to the principles of human rights and lay the foundations of justice fair and equitable in the achievement of the rule of law and building democratic community desired. Fourth : the status of the prison and prisoners-and the status of prisons : The form of Law No. 23 / 98 on the organization and functioning of penal institutions in 1999, a qualitative shift in the legal system governing the prisons in Morocco. The appropriate law virtually the Standard Minimum Rules for the Treatment of Prisoners adopted by the first United Nations Conference on the Prevention of Crime and Treatment of Offenders, and other relevant principles. The enactment of the law guarantees and rights based on the principles of equality and respect for human dignity. "The Moroccan Center for Human Rights measures by the prison administration and reintegration in the reform of the penitentiary and rehabilitation of prisoners and their reintegration into society through education, training and rehabilitation as well as observers and educators prison. The center hopes to stop these achievements on the ground to assess and make observations and suggestions, through visits to the tour to some of the prisons but unfortunately the prison administration refused to license to such visits, contrary to article 84 of the Act. In spite of the efforts exerted by the prison administration, they remain limited and includes only some of the institutions and not the other, where a large number of penal institutions live and status slumped because of overcrowding and lack of nutrition and the spread of infectious diseases and weak telemedicine, and some deviant behaviors such as using drugs, sexual abuse and the spread of the phenomena of extortion, bribery and favoritism, Moreover, the deficit is the large number of observers educators and the weakness of the budget allocated for the administration of prisons and reintegration, limited sports and cultural activities and vocational training because of the lack of necessary equipment and lack of adequate frameworks for framing. Chief among these institutions : a civil prison of Sale, the local prison in Casablanca-Akasha, Hafez central prison, the prison agricultural Otaiteh two Sidi Kacem. Based on the reports received by the Moroccan Center for Human Rights, it is recorded, as well as, the following observations :-the lack of respect map prison : in the absence of clear road custodial according to a scientific study designed to take into account the real (central prisons, local jails, rehabilitation centers and rehabilitation), based on the proportion of high static and the high crime rate, type and geographic origins of the perpetrators. Non-observance of safety requirements : It is noted that some of the buildings do not meet the requirements of proper ventilation, especially when the outbreak of fires. The fire proved that the new prison hungry. Non-observance of safety requirements may lead to tragedies up to violations of the right to life and physical safety of the prisoners, which requires the need for expertise on buildings and prisons directly repair. Non-availability of the network into account ethnic health : A number of prisons were built on sites that are not available on the ethnic health, and was resorted to drilling health, which is a threat to the surrounding environment imprisonment, and contributes to the emission of odors and the proliferation of insects, which poses a threat to the health of each of the relevant penal institution and its surroundings. - Lack of the necessary facilities : As many of the prisons do not have the facilities necessary to meet the needs of static imprisonment as provided for by law, for example : - visiting rooms, which is almost in some cases cells, does not function in facilitating communication between the prisoner and his family; - some yards leeway too narrow, to the extent that the prisoners would prefer to stay in their cells, which they consider (overcrowding) welcome from those arenas. - Lack of classroom study or vocational training workshops in some prisons (Rashid, the son of Ahmad and Zayu ...). - Lack of privacy legitimacy malls, where, in spite of the positives of this system, the Fadaeath not generalized to all institutions. - Lack of spaces for sport or recreation, or rooms for Bookcase, most prisons; Proceeding from the above, it must be emphasized that the following actions be taken : the need for effective application of the law governing the penal institutions. To improve the financial situation of the staff of the Department of Prisons and the lifting of the financial allocations earmarked for the Department to develop effective programs for the formation and education for the benefit of prisoners from the educators and observers on the other hand. Ensure that the terms of respect for the dignity and rights of prisoners in the care, rehabilitation and aftercare. The need to reform the penal institutions within the national scheme of comprehensive reform within the sector. Licensing unconditionally, associations and human rights organizations to carry out an inspection of penal institutions to support prisoners and moral support. Improve health care and nutrition. Rehabilitation of the educational role played by effective penal institution in the reform, rehabilitation and reintegration into society. Have literacy programs and support for schooling and vocational training inside the outer prison facilities, and expanding the creative interest and entertainment. The need to pay some of the inmates, in particular the status of pregnant women and lactating women, the treatment commensurate with the doctors necessary, including the provision of structures to receive them. Two-and the status of prisoners : Center presents some cases reached Peshkayat thereon, as follows :-fought against the backdrop of the events of detainees 16 terrorist Mai Mai during the month 2005 strike is not limited hunger strike to demand to review their sentences, and to enable them to exercise all their rights guaranteed to them under the law. But instead of the responsible authorities to open a serious dialogue with these strikers, who numbered over a thousand different Moroccan prisons, senior officials of the central prison Quneitra on the implementation of battered against some of them. Center-record cases of torture and sexual assault to jail Otaiteh two Sidi Qasim by some officials and prison guards against prisoners. The Justice Amrozier opening an investigation into the matter. The 17-room B district prison Otaiteh two Sidi Qasim, Khalid Poukré death of the detainee (No. 777 arrests) because of his hunger strike, which had already signed a statement to engage in a strike, which negates the communiqué of the Ministry of Justice talking about the fact that the deceased died because of chronic illness. The Moroccan student center Human Rights opened an impartial and specific responsibilities to see the reality of the death of the detainee in question. - Center continued with deep concern the deteriorating health situation of citizen detainee Abdul Samad bin worshipers Prison inmate Otaiteh 2, which became a cause for concern and urgent and immediate intervention to save his life, since he was taken to hospital after vomiting blood. This is the deterioration of the health of dust detained because open hunger strike since 8 replaced in 2005, followed by the strike waged Benabad water, in order to claim a legitimate demand is transferred to a prison in Marrakech to pursue his university studies and end the plight of his family. - Were deported prisoner Youssef sweets from the central prison of the village Bamohammad to the civil prison (appointed collector) ax to pass examinations university. However, in a place not fit does not have health requirements. When asked by the prison administration, Temtiah rights and transported to the place provided him with less requirements for passing examinations, which had been brutally beaten and tortured and hung naked and poured water on it from both the prison director (Mohamed Yadh) and his deputy (Mystic), and some staff (Beatitudes) and (Hatem), and others unaware of their names. - Youssef Ausaleh been detained in the month of April 2005 the central prison Hafez beaten, insulted and humiliated in front of the door to the visit and before the eyes of his family, until he passed out, and through one of the prison officials, so then that was what he was subjected to retaliation for the earlier stated by the Deputy Solicitor General during his visit to the prison. - Depriving many of the prisoners of their right to telemedicine in the study. - Mixing of prisoners suffering from infectious diseases and rapid transition with the other prisoners amid rooms. - Prisoners subjected to sexual assaults without a sergeant and Ahsib. - Take advantage of the events (children of prisoners) sexually by prisoners at the instigation of prison guards, according to findings by the Center of information from Massadrmuthoukh. Axis IV : Rights of the Child has become the subject of children's rights central to the progress and development of societies, children of today are the permanent balance of the United Hence, some of the natural bond with their own world attention, and trying to provide all the necessary means and capable of ensuring the enjoyment of a secure calm, adopt many of the rights inherent in the stages of age and provide legal protection to ensure their enjoyment of those rights. There has been growing in recent years, the phenomenon of children who are suffering from abuse in the family, school and the street in addition to the sexual assaults, where monitoring of the Moroccan Center for Human Rights in 2005 more than thirty cases of sexual abuse on children, including cases relating to child sex tourism cities and tourist Kamrakesh Agadir and Essaouira and new and other cities embodied in the control networks composed of Moroccans and foreigners who exploit children and filming movies censured. Because of the proliferation of such phenomena to fundamental factors, including : - weak mechanisms and means of intervention to assist and protect children who are victims of abuse at both health and legal-poor coordination between the parties, organizations and institutions associated with the phenomenon, the absence of media policy-designed to educate families and children, the gravity of the phenomenon and the need to be disclosed before the spread of HIV-in the Moroccan criminal legislation, where the law should be amended the criminal for lifting of sanctions when it comes to sexual abuse of children. For reference, the government carried out a series of actions and measures to promote and protect the rights of children and the activation of the provisions of the Convention on the Rights of the Child World, as well as some of the events of institutions guaranteeing these rights, but that these actions have been limited and included categories without the other, so that a large proportion of children, especially in rural areas, still deprived of schooling and training, health coverage and protection against exploitation and physical poverty and homelessness and neglect. To promote the rights of the child as required, we have to take the following actions : - Formation of a national committee composed of government sectors and associations interested in the rights of the child to focus on the development of a long-term strategy aimed at improving the status of children in Morocco and the promotion of their real and realistic; - review of the educational policy of raising the age range and promote the rights of the child among children, and among all the parties surrounding it; - aking legislative action against the phenomenon of child abuse including sexual exploitation, trafficking for profit and develop a strategy focusing on the psychological aspects, legal and social information and to the strengthening and development of medical protection mechanisms; - a law regarding the protection and prevention of child victims of the phenomenon of sexual exploitation; - a law to criminalize child labor in the homes below Ammarham for 12 years with the provision of protection for maids and to ensure their right to schooling, Education and Training, - development of mechanisms to receive the treatment and rehabilitation of child victims of abuse at the national level, media-plans for campaigning and education and awareness. Education is also a human rights basic guarantee for the advancement of the rights of the child, as a set of activities aimed at inculcating a culture of human rights to the child Kkanaah and behavior individually and collectively, the founder of Action for peace and coexistence and cooperation among individuals and groups. Axis V : women's rights since 2004 has been initiated in the application of the Family Code, which was the culmination of the demands of women's movements and human rights. So contributed to the advancement of the status of women and the family in society through the elimination of all forms of discrimination in the right and the adoption of the principle of equality of rights and duties between men and women. In spite of all the efforts and legal texts, which aimed at improving the status of women, a large number of women in Morocco, particularly those living in villages and mountainous areas continue to suffer from difficult social conditions because Alfugrobatalh and face yet clear handicapped and preventing them from imposing their presence as partners of men. The women working in the private contracting suffers from several problems reminiscent of the Moroccan Center for Human Rights as follows : wage inequality, especially in the textile sector and the farming sector despite the fact that the Labor Code equivalent them initially, women's expulsion because of pregnancy in some institutions, the absence of clear provisions especially in the farming sector, the textile sector and foodstuffs, the continuing disagreement between the representatives of workers and employers on breastfeeding hours, the phenomenon of sexual harassment among workers, where they are exposed to a large legal text remains pending a solution to whatever problem at the level of criminal law, the spread of illiteracy among women and the absence of training programs and continuing education .. At the level of economic and social rights of women has been characterized in 2005 organized attack on those rights and reflected in : - retreat from free health services, - increasing unemployment among women, especially pregnant diplomas and the continued violence against them when seeking the power of their right to employment, mass-layoffs and closures, illegal production enterprises, especially those characterized by a high proportion of the female labor force, one of the largest such company files file "Toppoer" the fabric of Rabat, fabrication "to Aclemontin" new, non-issuance of the law regulating the work of maids applied to the fourth article of the Labor Code-increasing cases of violence toward women also reflect nuke reports centers supporting women victims of violence, therefore, must take a series of measures for the advancement of women is primarily to focus on the social dimension of development j policy development and investment, in addition to the following : - development of social solidarity fund for divorced women, the poor performance of alimony; - formation and qualify women for their integration in development - a strategy Court for the advancement of rural women, where the spread of illiteracy considerably when women in rural areas and the absence of necessary medication and treatment; also expected to raise the status of for reservations on the International Convention against Discrimination against Women in the direction of establishing equality between men and women, with the urgency and take concrete measures aimed at the advancement of women in the political, economic and social order out of the scourge of poverty, ignorance and physical exploitation and harm their dignity in the administrative institutions, commercial, industrial or through programs publicity. Axis VI : economic and social rights that the Moroccan Center for Human Rights is the defense of economic, social and cultural heart of the principal concerns and on the basis of the requirements of the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, which Morocco has committed ever since three replaced in 1979. Most of these requirements are : the right of peoples to self-determination right to freely dispose of their natural wealth and resources and the right to respond to a people be deprived of its own means (article 1), the right to the enjoyment of all economic, social and cultural rights without discrimination of any kind and especially discrimination between men and women (Articles 2 and 3), the right to employment bitumen (Article 6), the rights of workers on wage guarantor of a decent living, health and safety, equal opportunities for everyone recreation, rest, leisure and holidays leading them (Article 7), trade union rights, including the right to strike (Article 8), the right to social security (Article 9), the right to family protection, assistance and maternity rights, children and adolescents (Article 10), the right of everyone to an adequate standard of living for himself and his family, including adequate food, clothing and shelter and to the continuous improvement of living conditions (Article 11), the right of everyone to the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health (Article 12), the right of every individual to education (Article 13), cultural rights (Article 15). First : economic rights : protection of public money from which posed plundering public money from striking for economic, social and cultural rights enshrined in international covenants and conventions on human rights and especially the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, all of which affirm the rights of citizens in their wealth and resources, and their right to equality in the media The news and access to the confiscation and participation in public affairs and control and hatched and the right to hold accountable all prejudice to the responsibility. As of the close-to be indivisible call for civil and political rights on one hand and economic, on the other hand, which is considered on the basis of robbery of public money and smuggled or looted prolonged and serious violation of human rights for the resulting from the threats of poverty and social misery and the potential for manipulation of the votes of the citizens and their choices and their role in the participation in national public life. Based on the foregoing confirms Moroccan Center for Human Rights, as it had previously said the National Authority for the protection of public funds, that waste and the plundering of public funds is the heart of the economic crimes that disrupt the balance of the community and its vitality, which, in addition to depriving Morocco from the exploitation of its resources, to the extreme poverty of the broad category nihilism and to the high illiteracy rate and the low level of income, and the high unemployment rate, especially for graduates, these reflections to be the first victim of the disadvantaged groups of people, and recall of effects and implications of these crimes, which came in several reports issued by the official institutions and international .. - The pace of increase domestic production of 5.6% of the average rate during the 1970s, to 2.4% through the end of the 1990s and beginning of the third millennium. Turning Morocco-ranked 128 of the national income as crude slipped to 32 of the total 208 state ranked at the bottom of the pile on the level of income in the world. - Morocco was ranked 124 among the list of 173 state according to the report of the United Nations Development Program, is the same as the salary report in the last third, which includes the poorest in the world. - The report Economic Forum which is interested in the level of progress or decline in the level of competitiveness, brand Morocco in the back of the arrangement at 61 within the list of 102 countries. - And classifies Morocco ranked 78 among 133 nations in the area of bribery by the Transparanci. - 51.5% of the adult population suffer from illiteracy. - The number of doctors per 100 thousand inhabitants of Aitadi 46 physicians. - Births occurring medical care exceeding 40%. - Health coverage exceeding 15% of the population. - Combating substandard housing by requiring the creation of one million housing units. - More than a quarter of Moroccans live below the threshold of absolute poverty, is spending less than $ 1 a day. - Some heads of public institutions paid up to 800 times the salary of Own simple, as manager "Comanav" which set the amount of 785 thousand dirhams a fee, which is equal to 978 times the minimum wage. The relationship Bada issue, the Moroccan Center for Human Rights emphasizes the following : Follow-up and officials implicated in cases of crimes of embezzlement, with the punishment and retrieval of looted funds, embezzlement-opening of the files in some public institutions, where it is necessary to regulate the screening Mahaspati of the financial records of each institution suspected exposure to financial embezzlement or fraud, updating and rehabilitation-related legislation to protect capital in combating illegal enrichment, including the production of the draft law against money laundering into practice. - Cancellation of the concession system and the dismantling of the network lobbies benefiting from the economy and create rent a national system for assessing and Alavchas. - Activate boards Truth constitutional and parliamentary and expand its terms of reference. - Accelerate ratification of the International Convention on the fight against corruption and to create the necessary mechanisms to activate and then translate the letter and spirit of its contents on the ground. - Enactment of a new law to permit the property before assuming public responsibility and liability at the end of the discharge and disseminate them through the media the public. - Activate the role and expand the terms of reference of the Supreme Council of the accounts and empower integrity of the necessary autonomy to carry out their tasks judiciary, and to enable the General Inspectorate of Finance, and the inspectorates of the ministries of the terms of reference and broad and non-interference in its functioning. - Enactment of a law to protect Kashefi crimes of bribery and plundering public money from any judicial follow-up and all forms of abuse and revenge. - Do Pavthas comprehensive and careful review of all departments and public institutions and local communities by the organs of Avchaas autonomy and powers necessary for the detection of deviations financial imbalances as a structural phenomenon spread to all public facilities. Second : the social one - the right to housing : is the right to adequate housing a privileged position within the system of economic, social and cultural rights, which is one of the rights accorded to regular international importance, and was to address minutes before the UN Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, which has devoted more than a comment, interpretation and according to strict criteria is the concept and content adequate housing, for example : • Access to housing ... • Availability of services, materials, facilities and infrastructure ... • The ability to carry the burdens ..... • authority for housing .... Records Moroccan Center for Human Rights on the right to housing in Morocco is still known massive violations of importance to millions of women, and citizens, and the reality of the situation shows several gaps compared with the creditor lawyer of the right to adequate housing, while the most important breaches of international obligations ratified by Morocco in the following : • strike the right to participate in determining policy and housing programs by citizens, especially static shanty towns recipient and civil society, • marginalize the role of departments and interests in determining the decentralization programs, the continuing approaches unnecessary bureaucracy, which states whenever inability exploded brokers housing scandals linked to various forms of economic and affiliation. • marginalization of the rural world, and not given special importance in the area of adequate housing. It was noted during the last two years the government's determination to eliminate the role of shanties at the national level, with the Ministry of State in charge of housing and institutions involved in the rehousing of residents tin especially in the major cities Karabat, Meknes, Casablanca and Agadir. In spite of this, the authorities have not yet taken urgent measures to eliminate the final tin especially large cities, where a large percentage of residents in these homes are deprived of water and electricity as well as the lack of necessary social facilities. Therefore, the ITC considered that the elimination of the role of tin and the key issue of urgency, should pay special attention to ensure the dignity of the citizen, and the criminalization of all practices that help to spread the squatter. On the other hand, notes that the social housing programs has not been matched by a clear strategy for funding to support the Moroccan citizen simple and debt burdens, he noted that many of the citizens who enrolled in the program are still suffering from a significant rise in interest rates adopted by the banking institutions. In this context, the government bodies responsible employee and suffering study used simple weakened deductions from the monthly purchasing power to a large extent. 2 - The right to health : the right to health should not be viewed in isolation from the rest of other social rights, which is embodied primarily in the right of access to treatment centers and medical institutions. It is noteworthy in this regard that the social development policy based primarily on improving the level of health of the citizens. To this end, ensure equality and fairness for all citizens to take advantage of medical services must be one of the state's priorities in the social sphere. The Health Protection imposes an obligation on the State to provide free preventive health services for all individuals and groups of citizens, in addition to vigilance, the organization providing medical services evenly distributed to all the national territory and ensure access to these services for the benefit of all social strata, and to ensure the State is free to address chronic asthma The deficiencies and kidney disease "Bahgat," ... To meet the health needs of individuals at the core of the defense of human rights. They include the right to survival and life. The right to life in the right to receive medical treatment, which would save human lives and prevent disability, severe physical him, and it is the duty of the state to provide medical treatment of its citizens. The right to health protection for citizens :

-the right to provide health services to eligible centers and sufficient.

 - Right in the provision of security and safety procedures in all places, the right to maintain the privacy of the patient.

 - The right to the existence of a law guaranteeing health service of citizens.

- Right in the maintenance of the right of the citizen, not to transfer any member of the body except with the consent, and that no medical experiments on any person without his free consent.

 - The right of access to information and knowledge in health education and international standards of human rights. The right of access to appropriate treatment within reasonable prices :

-provide hospitals commensurate with the population of each province.

 - Provide health clinics in all parts of the country commensurate with the population of each region.


The form of the Political Parties Act, which was approved by Parliament in 2005 initiative for the reform of the political life in Morocco and the strengthening of the party at the level of performance management and renewal of the elite and the preparation of the political programs and Aqrarmbadi internal democracy and financial transparency. However, the law contains a set of requirements that limit the freedom to establish political parties and therefore the exercise of the right of political participation, such as a requirement for a certain number of individuals to the request to convene the constituent congress of the party and the necessity of registration in electoral rolls and depriving some citizens of party affiliation officials as Customs Department and the Department of Water and Forests and give important powers of the Ministry of internal about parties like the judiciary and other requirements ... On this basis, the Moroccan Center for Human Rights confirmed by the need to appropriate law with the provisions of the Moroccan Constitution and international covenants of human rights, including the International Covenant of Civil and Political Rights. The political reform in general and reform parties, in particular, can not succeed outside the context of a comprehensive reform, the head of constitutional reform. Therefore, the Moroccan Center for Human Rights emphasizes the need for constitutional reforms, ensured by the national body comprising politicians and scholars in various fields and experts in constitutional law, which would take into account the following matters :-appropriate Moroccan Constitution with the international conventions ratified by Morocco. - Adoption of the Tamazight language in the preamble to the Constitution, in addition to all the components of the Moroccan identity. - Expanding the rights and freedoms of the individual and collective rights. - Strengthen the institution and the First Minister powers of the government would make them the country's policy and overseeing its implementation. - Selecting the First Minister and all the members of the government of the parliamentary majority. - Strengthening the role of Parliament in the area of legislation and oversight of government. - Cancellation of the Second Chamber and activating the Economic and Social Council provided for constitutionally axis IX : the lawyer Tindouf camps, according to testimonies by international organizations working in the field of human rights and the testimony of survivors from the hell of detention and torture in all its forms, the prisoners and detainees Tindouf camps near the Algerian soil suffered from massive violations of human rights, as the work of torture by elements of the Polisario in the right of these caused in many cases, in death, and reminds some of the statistics that more than forty people have been killed by it. As well as prevented from contacting descendants and humanitarian organizations such as the International Committee of the Red Cross. The Moroccan Center for Human Rights calls on the government to activate diplomatic effective international organizations, including the Organization of the United Nations for the release of remaining detainees at camps in Tindouf, and disclosure of the missing and the dead were, as the Sahara file is a case fabricated according to the dreams of imperialism in the context of a robbery and extortion behind colonial regime. It also demands that all national actors to tie the ardent efforts for the activation of programs for self-awareness and mine extortion policy pursued by the Algerian government. The Center is also following with concern the developments in the campaigns of oppression practiced by the security agencies of the Frente POLISARIO, from time to time, protests against the Tindouf camps to condemn their own social condition and on the policy of repression, starvation and siege and arbitrary arrests under torture sometimes. It also condemns the deplorable conditions and serious assault on the camps of these detainees at all levels of economic, health, social, educational, cultural and human rights and calling for the urgent intervention of the international community to address systematically the repressive methods and the suffering of jailers Tindouf of flagrant.


violations and insults to the dignity and the denial of human rights and the basic necessities of water, electricity and freedom of communication with their relatives and loved ones, coupled with the transactions in the direction of a terrible silence their voices of condemnation of and claim their rights under international legitimacy, and stresses the Center on appeal Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights and all international organizations concerned with human rights to intervene must be an urgent and immediate relief for the population of the Tindouf camps and lift the siege and isolation imposed on them and calls for to open an investigation into the serious abuses out of the camps with defined responsibilities for those violations. Incidentally, the Moroccan Center for Human Rights calling for the provision of adequate conditions for the full integration of the population of the southern regions in the battle for democratic change within the system of provincial and national democratic, and Fidelity also edits the cities of Ceuta and Melilla and the islands territories.


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